高等学校化学学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (5): 551-553.

• 研究简报 • 上一篇    

气液色谱法研究双-(O,O′-二正辛基二硫代磷酸酯)合镍(Ⅱ)与醛类加合反应的热力学性质

俞运鹏1, 朱多林1, 徐正2, 林建华2, 游效曾2   

  1. 1. 镇江高等师范专科学校;
    2. 南京大学配位化学研究所
  • 收稿日期:1988-08-27 出版日期:1990-05-24 发布日期:1990-05-24
  • 通讯作者: 徐正

Studies on the Thermodynamic Properties of Adduction Reaction between Ni[(C8H17O)2PS2]2 and Aldehydes by GLC Method

Yu Yunpeng1, Zhu Duolin1, Xu Zheng2, Lin Jianhua2, You Xiaozeng2   

  1. 1. Department of Chemistry, Zhenjiang Teachers'College, Zhenjiang;
    2. Coordination Chemistry Institute, Naijang University, Nanjing
  • Received:1988-08-27 Online:1990-05-24 Published:1990-05-24

摘要: 气液色谱法是研究酸碱相互作用热力学性质的有效方法之一。文献[1~3]利用气液色谱法测量了Ni(THDD)2、Ni[(C8H17O)2PS2]2与含氮有机碱加合反应的平衡常数、标准焓变和标准熵变值,得到了与光谱法相一致的结果。作为酸碱加合反应研究的一部分,本文测定了Ni[(C8H17O)2PS2]2与醛类化合物的热力学参数。

关键词: 气液色谱, 二烷基二硫代磷酸酯, 醛, 热力学参数

Abstract: The thermodynamic properties of adduction reaction of Ni[(C8H17O)2PS2]2 and CH3CHO, C2H5CHO, n-C3H7CHO and n-C4H9CHO were studied by GLC method. The equilibrium constants were determined between 333~363K and described by the emperical equation: 1gK = - 0.2087 - 0. 9209 Nc + (291. 9 + 265. 1 Nc)/T ΔH and ΔS were calculated by the least square method. It was found that - ΔH and - ΔS increased linearly with the increase of number of carbon in aldehydes: -ΔH=5. 59 + 5. 08 Nc (kJ/mol), -ΔS=3. 39 + 17. 63 Nc(J/K ·mol). The nature of adduct bonds was explained by electro-static model.

Key words: Gas-liquid chromatography, Dialkyldithiophosphate, Aldehydes, Thermodynamic parameters