高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 11-18.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20190561

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生物质水热催化制备重要含氧化学品研究进展

孔令照1,2,*(),苗改1,2,罗虎1,孙予罕1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国科学院低碳转化科学与工程重点实验室, 中国科学院上海高等研究院, 上海 201210
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-10-31 出版日期:2020-01-10 发布日期:2019-12-20
  • 通讯作者: 孔令照,孙予罕 E-mail:konglz@sari.ac.cn;sunyh@sari.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助批准号:(21978316)

Advances in Hydrothermal Catalysis Conversion of Biomass into Oxygen-containing Chemicals

KONG Lingzhao1,2,*(),MIAO Gai1,2,LUO Hu1,SUN Yuhan1,2,*()   

  1. 1. CAS Key Laboratory of Low-Carbon Conversion Science and Engineering, Shanghai Advanced Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201210, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-10-31 Online:2020-01-10 Published:2019-12-20
  • Contact: Lingzhao KONG,Yuhan SUN E-mail:konglz@sari.ac.cn;sunyh@sari.ac.cn
  • Supported by:
    ? Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China No(21978316)

摘要:

作为唯一可再生、 分布广泛的绿色含碳资源, 生物质的高值化利用尤其是制备高品质含氧化学品日益引起研究者的广泛关注, 其中生物质水热催化制备重要含氧化学品是当前的一个重要研究方向. 本文对生物质经水热催化加氢、 脱水和水解制备多元醇、 5-羟甲基糠醛和乳酸的研究进展进行了系统总结和评述, 分析了催化剂的作用机制和产物生成机理, 并对生物质水热催化的研究前景进行了展望.

关键词: 生物质, 水热催化, 含氧化学品, 多元醇, 5-羟甲基糠醛, 乳酸

Abstract:

As the renewable, widely distributed and green carbon-containing resource, the utilization of biomass, especially the preparation of high-value added oxygen-containing chemicals, has attracted increasing attention from researchers. At present, preparation of important oxygen-containing chemicals through hydrothermal catalysis from biomass is an important research field. In this paper, the progress in the preparation of polyols, 5-hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF) and lactic acid by hydrothermal catalytic hydrogenation, dehydration and hydrolysis of biomass was systematically reviewed. The catalytic mechanism and reaction pathways were analyzed in detail, and the research prospect of hydrothermal catalysis of biomass was prospected.

Key words: Biomass, Hydrothermal catalysis, Oxygen-containing chemical, Polyols, 5-Hydroxymethylfurfural(5-HMF), Lactic acid

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