高等学校化学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (7): 1456-1463.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20190074

• 物理化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

钙钛矿型LaCoO3电化学储锂的形貌调制效应

方亮1, 丁晓丽1, 宋云2, 柳东明1, 李永涛1(), 张庆安1   

  1. 1. 安徽工业大学材料科学与工程学院, 马鞍山 243002
    2. 复旦大学材料科学系, 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2019-01-23 出版日期:2019-06-28 发布日期:2019-07-09
  • 作者简介:

    李永涛, 男, 博士, 教授, 主要从事新能源材料研究. E-mail: toni-li@163.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51671001, 51701004)、 安徽省科技重大专项计划项目(批准号: 17030901069)和安徽省自然科学基金(批准号: 1708085ME99)资助.

Effect of Morphological Tuning on Electrochemical Performance of Perovskite LaCoO3 Anodes

FANG Liang1, DING Xiaoli1, SONG Yun2, LIU Dongming1, LI Yongtao1,*(), ZHANG Qingan1   

  1. 1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Technology, Ma’anshan 243002, China
    2. Department of Materials Science, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-01-23 Online:2019-06-28 Published:2019-07-09
  • Contact: LI Yongtao E-mail:toni-li@163.com
  • Supported by:
    † Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.51671001, 51701004), the Science and Technology Special Projects of Anhui Province, China(No.17030901069) and the Natural Science Foundation of Anhui Province, China(No.1708085ME99).

摘要:

采用不同方法制备了块状(Bulk)、 纳米球状(NPs)及三维有序多孔(3DPF)钙钛矿型LaCoO3电极材料, 并考察了材料的形貌、 结构与电化学储锂之间的相关性. 结果表明, 不同形貌的电极材料均呈钙钛矿型晶体结构, 但电化学储锂性能却表现出巨大差异: 在500 mA/g的电流密度下, 块状、 纳米球状及三维有序多孔LaCoO3电极经350次循环后放电比容量分别为157, 579和648 mA·h/g. 电化学性能的迥异主要归因于所制备的纳米及多孔结构使活性材料与电解液之间的接触面积增大, 反应活性位点明显增多, 传质电阻降低, 从而使电子传输和Li离子的嵌入/脱嵌过程得到显著改善.

关键词: 锂离子电池, 钴酸镧, 多孔材料, 活性位点, 负极材料

Abstract:

The perovskite-type LaCoO3 electrode materials with the morphology of bulk, spherical nanoparticles(NPs) and three-dimensional porous framework(3DPF) were prepared to investigate the relations between the morphology and electrochemical lithium storage properties. It is demonstrated that the electrode materials with different morphologies all show the same perovskite structure, but there is a huge difference in specific capacities. At a current density of 500 mA/g, the specific capacities of the bulk, nano-particles, and three-dimensionally porous framework LaCoO3 electrodes finally stabilized at 157, 579 and 648 mA·h/g, respectively. The improved specific capacity and cycling stability of porous framework LaCoO3 are mainly attributed to the larger contact area between the active material and the electrolyte, the smaller particles, the more active sites, and the lower transfer resistance and better retention.

Key words: Lithium ion battery, Lanthanum cobaltite, Porous material, Active site, Anode material

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