高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 2561-2576.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20200708

• 庆祝《高等学校化学学报》复刊40周年专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

异质中空结构微纳材料的构建

沈明辉1,2, 魏延泽1,2, 徐楠2, 王祖民2, 杨乃亮2,3, 于然波1, 王丹2,3   

  1. 1.北京科技大学冶金与生态工程学院, 北京 100083
    2.中国科学院过程工程研究所, 生化工程国家重点实验室, 北京 100190
    3.中国科学院大学化学工程学院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-24 出版日期:2020-12-10 发布日期:2020-12-09
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2018YFA0703503);国家自然科学基金(批准号(51932001);51872024, 52072369)资助

Construction of Hetero⁃hollow Structure Micro⁃/Nanomaterials

SHEN Minghui1,2, WEI Yanze1,2, XU Nan2, WANG Zumin2, YANG Nailiang2,3, YU Ranbo1, WANG Dan2,3   

  1. 1.School of Metallurgical and Ecological Engineering,University of Science and Technology Beijing,Beijing 100083,China
    2.CAS State Key Laboratory of Biochemical Engineering,Institute of Process Engineering,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100190,China
    3.School of Chemical Engineering,University of Chinese Academy of Sciences,Beijing 100049,China
  • Received:2020-09-24 Online:2020-12-10 Published:2020-12-09
  • Supported by:
    ? Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program, China(2018YFA0703503);the National Natural Science Foundation of China(51932001)

摘要:

异质中空结构是指壳层由不同成分组成的空心微纳结构. 通过对异质中空结构的表面性质和传质过程进行调控, 可以调控经过中空结构的物质及能量. 目前, 异质中空结构在太阳能转化、 气体传感、 电化学储能和药物运输等领域展示出了优异的性能, 对异质中空结构的设计与构建已成为新型多功能先进材料研究的前沿领域. 本文总结了异质中空结构的种类、 特征和性能优势, 重点描述了各类异质中空结构的制备方法, 并探讨了异质中空结构微纳材料面临的挑战及发展趋势.

关键词: 异质, 中空, 微纳结构, 合成, 能源材料

Abstract:

Hetero-hollow structures refer to a kind of hollow micro-/nanostructures which composed of shells with distinct components. By controlling the interface and mass transfer behavior through hetero-structure, the energy and mass conversion in hollow structures would be modified. Thus, the hetero-hollow structures exhibit enhanced properties and gigantic potentials in various fields like solar energy conversion, gas sensing, electrochemical energy storage and drug delivery. To date, the design and construction of hetero-hollow structures is a charming research topic in material frontiers. In this work, the hetero-hollow structures are classified, and the characters, advantages, and especially the fabrication methods are introduced in detail. In the last, the challenges and perspectives on the future research and development of hetero-hollow structures are also discussed.

Key words: Heterogeneous, Hollow, Micro-/nanostructures, Synthesis, Energy material(Ed.: V, K, S)

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