高等学校化学学报

• 综合评述 •    

二维金属有机框架纳米片的合成及在超电容和电催化领域的应用

万月, 宋美娜, 赵美廷()   

  1. 天津大学分子聚集态科学研究院, 化学系, 天津市分子光电科学重点实验室, 天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2020-09-25 出版日期:2020-12-28 发布日期:2020-12-28
  • 通讯作者: 赵美廷 E-mail:mtzhao@tju.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21905195);天津市自然科学基金(20JCYBJC00800)

Recent Progress of Two-dimensional Metal-organic Framework Nanosheets for Supercapacitor and Electrocatalysis Applications

WAN Yue, SONG Meina, ZHAO Meiting()   

  1. Tianjin Key Laboratory of Molecular Optoelectronic Sciences,Department of Chemistry,Institute of Molecular Aggregation Science,Tianjin University,Tianjin 300072,China
  • Received:2020-09-25 Online:2020-12-28 Published:2020-12-28
  • Contact: ZHAO Meiting E-mail:mtzhao@tju.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    ? Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(21905195);the Natural Science Foundation of Tianjin City, China(20JCYBJC00800)

摘要:

二维金属有机框架(2D MOF)纳米片具有丰富且易暴露的表面活性位点、 高度有序的孔结构以及多样且可调的化学成分, 在电化学能量存储与转化中有利于降低反应电位, 提高扩散速率和反应速率. 关于2D MOF应用于电化学存储与转换的研究已有大量报道. 本文综述了近几年2D MOF的合成进展及其在超电容(SC)、 析氧反应(OER)、 析氢反应(HER)、 氧还原反应(ORR)和二氧化碳还原反应(CRR)的应用, 并对2D MOF作为电催化材料的研究现状和发展前景进行了总结与展望.

关键词: 金属有机框架, 二维纳米材料, 电化学存储转换

Abstract:

Two-dimensional metal-organic framework(2D MOF) nanosheets attract increasing research attention due to their unique properties originating from their abundant and easily exposed surface active sites, highly ordered pore structure, as well as varied and tunable chemical composition. These structural advantages help reduce the reaction potential and increase the diffusion rate and reaction rate in electrochemical energy storage and conversion. In this review, we first summarize the synthetic strategies of 2D MOF, and then an overview of applications of 2D MOF in supercapacitance(SC), oxygen evolution reaction(OER), oxygen reduction reaction(ORR), hydrogen evolution reaction(HER), carbon dioxide reduction reaction(CRR) is given. Finally, the status quo and prospects for the research of 2D MOF nanosheets are presented and discussed.

Key words: Metal-organic framework, Two-dimension nanomaterial, Electrochemical storage and conversion

中图分类号: