高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1449-1460.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20200212

• 庆祝《高等学校化学学报》复刊40周年专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物质平台化合物电催化制备高值燃料与化学品研究进展

周华1,栗振华2,孔祥贵2,段昊泓1,*()   

  1. 1.清华大学化学系, 北京 100084
    2.北京化工大学化学学院, 化工资源有效利用国家重点实验室, 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2020-04-20 出版日期:2020-07-10 发布日期:2020-06-16
  • 通讯作者: 段昊泓 E-mail:hhduan@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(21978147);国家自然科学基金(21935001)

Recent Progress in Electrochemical Catalytic Conversion of Biomass Platform Molecules into High-value Added Fuels and Chemicals

ZHOU Hua1,LI Zhenhua2,KONG Xianggui2,DUAN Haohong1,*()   

  1. 1. Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2. State Key Laboratory of Chemical Resource Engineering, College of Chemistry, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2020-04-20 Online:2020-07-10 Published:2020-06-16
  • Contact: Haohong DUAN E-mail:hhduan@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    † National Natural Science Foundation of China(21978147);National Natural Science Foundation of China(21935001)

摘要:

生物质是一类丰富的可再生碳基资源, 有望代替传统化石资源生产燃料和化学品, 受到了广泛关注和研究. 近年来, 电催化作为一种绿色高效的转化策略, 成为生物质催化转化的重要研究方向之一, 具有巨大的应用前景. 本文总结了生物质平台化合物电催化制备高附加值燃料与化学品的研究进展, 根据反应类型重点介绍了电催化氧化、 还原和偶联反应, 对催化反应过程和机理进行了阐述, 并对电催化生物炼制的前景进行了展望.

关键词: 生物质, 电催化, 氧化反应, 还原反应, 偶联反应

Abstract:

Biomass, as an abundant renewable carbon resource, is a promising alternative to fossil carbon for producing fuels and chemicals. As a green and effective strategy, electrocatalytic biomass valorization is emerging as an important frontier research area for feasible biorefinery. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in electrocatalytic upgrading of biomass platform chemicals via redox and coupling reactions, highlighting the understanding of reaction mechanisms and the structure-function relationships of catalysts. Moreover, the future of electrochemical technologies for biomass valorization is prospected.

Key words: Biomass, Electrochemical catalysis, Oxidation reaction, Reduction reaction, Coupling reaction

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