高等学校化学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (10): 2356-2360.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20111040

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    

均苯型聚酰亚胺模塑粉的制备与性能

王运良, 于晓慧, 王丽娜, 贾赫, 党国栋   

  1. 吉林大学化学学院, 麦克德尔米德实验室, 长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-03 出版日期:2012-10-10 发布日期:2012-09-12
  • 通讯作者: 党国栋, 男, 博士, 副教授. 主要从事特种工程塑料研究. E-mail: dgd_tong@jlu.edu.cn E-mail:dgd_tong@jlu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家"九七三"计划项目(批准号: G2010CB631100)和国家技术支撑计划(批准号: 2011BAA06B03)资助.

Synthesis and Characterization of Polypyromelliticimide Polyimide Molding Powders

WANG Yun-Liang, YU Xiao-Hui, WANG Li-Na, JIA He, DANG Guo-Dong   

  1. Alan G. MacDiarmid Institute, College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2011-11-03 Online:2012-10-10 Published:2012-09-12

摘要:

用含有扭曲非共平面结构的二胺1,3-二(3-氨基苯氧基-4'-苯酰基 )苯(BABB)与均苯四甲酸二酐(PMDA)缩聚制备了具有3种不同分子量的均苯型热塑性聚酰亚胺模塑粉, 并研究了其组成、 聚集态结构、 熔体黏度、 稳定性和热性能, 将模塑粉模压成型后进行机械性能测试. 结果表明, 引入柔性的二胺, 模塑粉的玻璃化转变温度(Tg)与传统的均苯型聚酰亚胺相比明显下降, 熔体黏度大幅度下降, 且具有良好的熔体黏度稳定性. 同时, 均苯四甲酸酐的存在保证了该模塑粉具有优异的热稳定性和优异的机械性能及较低的吸水率.

关键词: 聚酰亚胺, 模塑粉, 熔融加工

Abstract:

To improve the processability of the polyimide molding powder, a novel molding powder with twisted structure was prepared with 1,3-bisbenzene(BABB) and pyromellitic dianhydride(PMDA). The component, morphological structure, melt viscosity, thermal stability of molding powder and the mechanical properties of molding products were studied. The results show that the glass-transition temperature and melt viscosity of molding powder reduce markedly, compared with the traditional polyimides, because of the introduction of the flexible structures in polymer main chain. The polyimide molding powder exhibited excellent melt viscosity stability and thermal stability. The molding products also possessed outstanding mechanical properties and lower water absorption.

Key words: Polyimide, Molding powder, Melt processing

中图分类号: