高等学校化学学报 ›› 2019, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 403-409.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20180393

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

柔性交联型聚酰亚胺气凝胶的制备及性能

刘韬1, 李文静1, 张恩爽1, 钟锦洋2, 张凡1, 刘圆圆1, 赵英民1()   

  1. 1. 航天特种材料及工艺技术研究所, 北京 100074
    2. 中国航天科工集团公司, 北京 100000
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-28 出版日期:2019-02-10 发布日期:2018-12-14
  • 作者简介:

    联系人简介: 赵英民, 男, 研究员, 主要从事先进热防护材料制备及应用研究. E-mail: zhaoym2018@126.com

Preparation and Properties of Flexible Cross-linked Polyimide Aerogels

LIU Tao1, LI Wenjing1, ZHANG Enshuang1, ZHONG Jinyang2, ZHANG Fan1, LIU Yuanyuan1, ZHAO Yingmin1,*()   

  1. 1.Aerospace Research Institute of Special Material and Processing Technology, Beijing 100074, China
    2.China Aerospace Science & Industry Corporation Limited, Beijing 100000, China;
  • Received:2018-05-28 Online:2019-02-10 Published:2018-12-14
  • Contact: ZHAO Yingmin E-mail:zhaoym2018@126.com

摘要:

利用溶胶-凝胶反应制备了聚酰亚胺凝胶, 经过超临界干燥得到了聚酰亚胺气凝胶. 研究了固含量和交联剂比例对气凝胶性能的影响规律. 结果表明, 聚酰亚胺气凝胶的密度和线收缩率都随着固含量和交联剂比例的增加而增加; 随着固含量的增加, 气凝胶的室温热导率呈现出先降低再增加的趋势(0.026~0.033 W·m-1·K-1), 气凝胶的力学刚度和强度明显提升; 交联剂的加入, 可以提高材料的韧性, 断裂应变最高达21.7%; 制得的柔性聚酰亚胺气凝胶具有良好的热稳定性, 是满足尖端武器以及空间飞行器对于轻质、 柔性热防护要求的理想材料之一.

关键词: 柔性交联型聚酰亚胺气凝胶, 热稳定性, 机械性能, 隔热性能

Abstract:

Polyimide aerogels were synthesized by sol-gel reaction, followed by supercritical drying. The effects of sol solid content and cross-linking agent ratio on performance of polyimide aerogels were investigated. The results showed that both the shrinkage and density of polyimide aerogels increased with increasing sol solid content and cross-linking agent ratio. With the increased sol solid content, the suitable thermal conductivity(0.026—0.033 W·m-1·K-1) declined at first and then increased, and the modulus and strength of polyimide aerogels was improved obviously. Introducing the cross-linking agent into molecular structure improved the toughness of polyimide aerogels, and the maximum value of break strain was 21.7%. The polyimide aerogels also showed high temperature stability. The good properties made them an ideal insulation for light weight and flexible thermal protection of advanced weapons and space vehicles.

Key words: Flexible cross-linked polyimide aerogel, High temperature stability, Mechanical property, Insulation property

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