高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 111-117.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20190311

• 分析化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于UFLC-MS/分子模拟计算的吴茱萸醇提取物中胆碱酯酶抑制剂筛选

王莲萍1,李庆杰2,刘晓艳3,任跃英1,*(),杨秀伟3,*()   

  1. 1. 吉林农业大学中药材学院, 长春 130000
    2. 长春中医药大学附属医院实验中心, 长春 130021
    3. 北京大学药学院, 北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-30 出版日期:2019-11-26 发布日期:2019-11-26
  • 通讯作者: 任跃英,杨秀伟 E-mail:381717169@qq.com;xwyang@bjmu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目批准号:(2018YFC1704500);国家自然科学基金资助批准号:(81773865)

Screening of Cholinesterase Inhibitors in Fructus Evodiae Alkaloids Based on UFLC-MS/molecular Simulation

WANG Lianping1,LI Qingjie2,LIU Xiaoyan3,REN Yueying1,*(),YANG Xiuwei3,*()   

  1. 1. College of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jilin Agricultural University, Changchun 130000, China
    2. Experience Centre, the Affiliated Hospital of Changchun University of Chinese Medicine,Changchun 130021, China
    3. School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Peking University, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2019-05-30 Online:2019-11-26 Published:2019-11-26
  • Contact: Yueying REN,Xiuwei YANG E-mail:381717169@qq.com;xwyang@bjmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    ? Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China No(2018YFC1704500);and the National Natural Science Foundation of China No(81773865)

摘要:

采用超高速液相色谱-质谱(UFLC-MS)研究了吴茱萸醇提取物中入血小分子化合物的体内药代动力学过程. 同时对UFLC-MS 生物样品分析方法进行包括特异性、 线性、 精密度、 准确度、 稳定性、 基质效应和回收率等考察, 结果表明, 该方法稳定可靠, 且醇提取物中10个生物碱类化合物均被胃肠道快速吸收, 并且多数化合物血药浓度在1~2 h左右达到峰值. 将吸收入血的10个生物碱类化合物与乙酰胆碱酯酶和丁酰胆碱脂酶进行柔性分子对接及构效关系分析, 发现其中活性最高的为去氢吴茱萸碱、 吴茱萸碱、 吴茱萸次碱和吴茱萸酰胺Ⅰ 4个吲哚型生物碱, 它们与乙酰胆碱酯酶的对接打分均在-46.02 kJ/mol以下; 与丁酰胆碱脂酶对接打分均在-41.84 kJ/mol以下. 吴茱萸碱、 吴茱萸次碱、 去氢吴茱萸碱和吴茱萸酰胺可能是以乙酰胆碱酯酶和丁酰胆碱脂酶为靶点的胆碱酯酶抑制剂前体化合物.

关键词: 吴茱萸, 乙酰胆碱酯酶, 丁酰胆碱脂酶, 超高速液相色谱-质谱, 体内药代动力学, 分子对接

Abstract:

Cholinesterase inhibitors targeting acetylcholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase were screened from alcohol extracts of evodia rutaecarni. The pharmacokinetic process of small molecule compounds in evodia evodia alcohol extract was studied by ultra fast liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UFLC-MS). At the same time, UFLC-MS analysis method included specificity, linearity, precision, accuracy, stability, the matrix effect and recovery projects such as a comprehensive inspection. The results show that the method is stable and reliable, and 10 alkaloids compounds in alcohol extract can be absorbed quickly, gastrointestinal tract and the majority of compound blood drug concentration peak at about 1—2 h. Flexible molecular docking and structurally activity analysis of 10 alkaloid compounds with acetylcholinesterase and butylcholinesterase were conducted. It was found that the four compounds with the highest activity were indole-type alkaloids, namely evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine and wuchuyuamide Ⅰ, respectively. Their docking scores with acetylcholinesterase were all below -46.02 kJ/mol. The docking scores with butylcholinesterase were all below -41.84 kJ/mol. Evodiamine, rutaecarpine, dehydroevodiamine and wuchuyuamide may be precursor compounds of cholinesterase inhibitors targeting acetylcholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase.

Key words: Fructus evodiae, Acetylcholinesterase, Butyrylcholinesterase, Ultra fast liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, Pharmacokinetics in vivo, Molecular docking

中图分类号: