高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (3): 377-387.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20190643

• 庆祝《高等学校化学学报》复刊40周年专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于自组装技术的纳米功能材料研究进展

王军1,2,王铁1,2,*   

  1. 1. 中国科学院化学研究所活体分析化学重点实验室, 北京 100190
    2. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-10 出版日期:2020-03-10 发布日期:2020-01-06
  • 通讯作者: 王铁
  • 作者简介:王 铁, 男, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事纳米自组装的分析检测研究. E-mail: wangtie@iccas.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金资助(Nos.21925405);国家自然科学基金资助(Nos.21635002);国家自然科学基金资助(Nos.201874005)

Recent Progress in Functional Nanomaterials Based on Self-assembly Technology

WANG Jun1,2,WANG Tie1,2,*   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Living Biosystems, Institute of Chemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-12-10 Online:2020-03-10 Published:2020-01-06
  • Contact: Tie WANG
  • Supported by:
    † Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.21925405);† Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.21635002);† Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.201874005)

摘要:

纳米自组装技术的迅速发展拓宽了纳米材料的应用领域. 利用自组装合成纳米新材料是一种有效且具有发展前景的方法. 本综述介绍了纳米自组装技术的研究价值及近年来新兴的制备方法, 重点论述了驱动纳米自组装的作用类型, 包括范德华力、 静电作用、 磁力作用、 氢键、 熵效应以及疏溶剂相互作用、 DNA碱基互补配对等其它相互作用, 同时也对纳米自组装体的应用情况进行了阐述, 并探讨了利用纳米自组装技术研制新材料所面临的机遇和挑战.

关键词: 自组装, 纳米材料, 制备方法, 相互作用, 应用领域

Abstract:

The rapid development of nanoscale self-assembly technology has broadened the application of nanomaterials. The self-assembly provides an effective and promising way to form new nanomaterials. This review introduces the value of nanoscale self-assembly technology and emerging synthesis methods in recent years. It focuses on the types of interactions driving nanoscopic self-assembly, including van der Waals forces, electrostatic forces, magnetic forces, hydrogen bonding, entropy effects, and other interactions(solvophobic interactions, DNA complementary base paring rules, etc.). In addition, the application fields as well as the existing opportunities and challenges of nanoscale self-assembly in developing novel materials are discussed.

Key words: Self-assembly, Nanomaterial, Preparation method, Interaction, Application field

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