高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 183-190.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20190266

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    

聚吡咯纳米线凝胶的模板制备及储能与电化学传感性能

李勃天1,2,*(),邵伟1,肖达1,周雪1,董俊伟1,唐黎明2,*()   

  1. 1. 中国石油大学(北京)新能源与材料学院, 北京 102249
    2. 清华大学化工系, 教育部先进材料重点实验室, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-10 出版日期:2019-12-04 发布日期:2019-12-04
  • 通讯作者: 李勃天,唐黎明 E-mail:botian.li@cup.edu.cn;tanglm@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金批准号(51903250);国家自然科学基金批准号(21574074);中国石油大学(北京)科研基金资助批准号(2462017YJRC008)

Polypyrrole Nanowire Gels Based on Templating Fabrication and Their Energy Storage and Electrochemical Sensing Properties

LI Botian1,2,*(),SHAO Wei1,XIAO Da1,ZHOU Xue1,DONG Junwei1,TANG Liming2,*()   

  1. 1. College of New Energy and Materials, China University of Petroleum(Beijing), Beijing 102249, China
    2. Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials of Ministry of Education, Department of Chemical Engineering,Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China;
  • Received:2019-05-10 Online:2019-12-04 Published:2019-12-04
  • Contact: Botian LI,Liming TANG E-mail:botian.li@cup.edu.cn;tanglm@tsinghua.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    ? Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Nos(51903250);? Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China Nos(21574074);the Science Foundation of China University of Petroleum-Beijing No(2462017YJRC008)

摘要:

以配位聚合物凝胶为模板, 构筑均一的聚吡咯纳米线网络, 聚合后经简单处理除去模板, 得到性能优异的聚吡咯凝胶. 结果表明, 模板法合成的聚吡咯凝胶为由均一纳米线组成的三维网络结构, 具有良好的力学性能、 较大的比表面积及优异的电化学特性, 在0.28 A/g电流密度下, 比电容可达450 F/g, 在2.8 A/g电流密度下充放电1000次, 比电容仍可保持88.6%. 聚吡咯纳米线网络凝胶经葡萄糖氧化酶负载后得到柔性传感电极, 对低浓度(0.2 mmol/L)的葡萄糖具有快速响应性能, 有望用于超级电容器及生物电化学传感器等领域.

关键词: 聚吡咯纳米线, 凝胶, 模板合成, 超级电容器, 电化学传感器

Abstract:

Conducting polymer gels possess both gel-network structure and organic semiconductor properties, thus exhibit high energy density, excellent charge-discharge stability, and good flexibility, etc. They are considered as ideal materials for producing flexible electrodes, however the traditional fabrication of conducting polymer gels often introduced non-conducting chemical crosslinkers, limiting the electrical conductivity. In this work, a coordination polymer gel was employed as template to produce uniform network of polypyrrole nanowires, and after polymerization the template could be easily removed thereby improving the performance of the polypyrrole gel. The results showed that the polypyrrole gel fabricated by template method had a three-dimensional network structure composed of uniform nanowires, having good mechanical properties, large specific surface area, and excellent electrochemical properties. At a current density of 0.28 A/g, the specific capacitance could reach 450 F/g, meanwhile the the specific capacitance could be maintained at 88.6% after 1000 times charge-discharge cycles at a current density of 2.8 A/g. The polypyrrole nanowire network gels were loaded with glucose oxidase to give a flexible sensor, which had rapid responsiveness to glucose at low concentration(0.2 mmol/L), therefore they were expected to have application in supercapacitors, electrochemical sensors and so on.

Key words: Polypyrrole nanowires, Gel, Templating fabrication, Supercapacitor, Electrochemical sensor

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