高等学校化学学报 ›› 2005, Vol. 26 ›› Issue (10): 1881-1885.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

碱金属硫酸盐-十二烷基硫酸钠-聚乙二醇三元复合体系的束缚胶束特性

黄盛友, 方云, 陈方博, 付珊珊, 任国强   

  1. 江南大学化学与材料工程学院, 无锡214036
  • 收稿日期:2004-11-17 出版日期:2005-10-10 发布日期:2005-10-10
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(批准号:20371021)资助.

Characteristics of Bound Micelle in the Ternary Mixing System of Alkali Metal Sulfate-SDS-PEG

HUANG Sheng-You, FANG Yun, CHEN Fang-Bo, FU Shan-Shan, REN Guo-Qiang   

  1. School of Chemical and Material Engineering,Southern Yangtze University,Wuxi 214036,China
  • Received:2004-11-17 Online:2005-10-10 Published:2005-10-10

摘要: 采用表面张力、稳态荧光猝灭和荧光分子探针技术研究了部分碱金属(锂、钠、钾)硫酸盐-十二烷基硫酸钠(Sod ium Dodecyl Su lfate SDS)-聚乙二醇(PEG)三元复合体系的聚集特性,发现加入碱金属硫酸盐后SDS仍以束缚胶束(bound m icelle)形式与PEG发生团簇化作用.表面张力实验表明,外加碱金属硫酸盐浓度ce增加,体系的第一临界浓度c1渐次降低,而第二临界浓度c2略有增大,因而形成束缚胶束的浓度区间增宽;比饱和簇集量[Γ]随之增大,如加入50 mmol/L硫酸锂时,[Γ]增大了40%.稳态荧光猝灭实验表明,束缚胶束聚集数Nb随PEG浓度cp线性减小,却随SDS浓度c线性增大,并呈ce的单增函数关系;碱金属离子使Nb增大的能力按Li+<Na+<K+顺序增加,与碱金属水合离子半径减小的顺序相同.芘分子探针的荧光特性反映了束缚胶束的微环境极性随c和ce增加而减小,随cp增加而增大.

关键词: 十二烷基硫酸钠, 聚乙二醇, 碱金属硫酸盐, 束缚胶束

Abstract: The ternary systems composed of some alkali metal(Li,Na and K) sulfate with sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS) and polyethylene glycol(PEG) were studied by means of surface tension,steady-state fluorescence quenching and fluorescent molecule probe.The results show that the soft cluster formed spontaneously by PEG and the bound micelle of SDS in cases with or without alkali metal sulfate addition.The first critical concentration c1 decreased while the second critical concentration c2 increased slightly with ever-increasing level of alkali metal sulfate ce,therefore,the clusterization boundary of SDS-PEG extended.The specific saturation capacity of clusterization increased with the addition of alkali metal sulfate and it even increased 40% when 50 mmol/L Li2SO4 was added to.The aggregation number of bound micelle Nb decreased linearly with the increase of PEG cp while increased linearly as a function of c of SDS and increased monotonously as a function of ce.Since the radius of alkali metal hydrated ion increased in the order as follows: K+(0.232(nm)<)Na+(0.276 nm)<Li+(0.34 nm),the capability of them to made Nb increased in the reversed order: K+>Na+>Li+.The characteristic fluorescence of the solubilized pyrene reveals that the polarity of bound(micelle) microenvironment decreased with the increase of the level of both c of SDS and ce(Na2SO4),whereas(increases) with the increase of level of cp.

Key words: Sodium dodecyl sulfate(SDS), Polyethylene glycol(PEG), Alkali metal sulfate, Bound micelle

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