高等学校化学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (7): 1349-1363.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20180195

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静电纺丝纳米纤维基超级电容器电极材料的研究进展

乜广弟1,2(), 朱云2, 田地2, 王策2()   

  1. 1. 青岛大学纺织服装学院, 青岛 266071
    2. 吉林大学化学学院, 长春 130012
  • 收稿日期:2018-03-12 出版日期:2018-07-10 发布日期:2018-05-19
  • 作者简介:联系人简介: 乜广弟, 女, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事静电纺纳米纤维的应用研究. E-mail: nieguangdi@163.com;王 策, 女, 博士, 教授, 主要从事高压静电纺丝技术的应用研究. E-mail: cwang@jlu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中国博士后科学基金项目(批准号: 2018M630745)资助.

Research Progress in the Electrospun Nanofiber-based Supercapacitor Electrode Materials

NIE Guangdi1,2,*(), ZHU Yun2, TIAN Di2, WANG Ce2,*()   

  1. 1. College of Textiles and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
    2. College of Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012, China
  • Received:2018-03-12 Online:2018-07-10 Published:2018-05-19
  • Contact: NIE Guangdi,WANG Ce E-mail:nieguangdi@163.com;cwang@jlu.edu.cn

摘要:

静电纺丝纳米纤维具有比表面积大、 孔隙率高及密度低等优势, 是电化学储能材料的理想候选者之一. 本文综述了近年来静电纺丝碳纳米纤维、 金属氧化物/硫化物/氮化物、 导电聚合物及其复合材料在超级电容器领域的研究及应用进展, 探讨了材料组成、 结构与电化学电容性能之间的关系, 并对静电纺丝纳米纤维基电极材料的发展前景进行了展望. 这将为新型高性能超级电容器电极材料的结构设计与可控制备提供新思路.

关键词: 静电纺丝, 纳米纤维, 超级电容器, 电极材料

Abstract:

Electrospun nanofibers are regarded as ideal candidates for energy storage materials due to their large specific surface area, high porosity, low density and other merits. In this review, we have presented the recent application progress of the electrospun carbon nanofibers, metal oxides/sulfides/nitrides, conducting polymers and their composites in supercapacitor electrodes. In addition, the relationship between the composition, structure and electrochemical performance was discussed in detail. Finally, the prospects for the development of the electrospun nanofiber-based electrode materials are highlighted. It is expected that this review will stimulate ideas and inspiration for the architecture design and controllable preparation of high-performance supercapacitor electrode materials.

Key words: Electrospinning, Nanofiber, Supercapacitor, Electrode material

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