高等学校化学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (09): 1877-1885.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0251-0790.2012.09.001

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基于不同刺激源的刺激响应聚合物体系的构建

闫强, 袁金颖   

  1. 清华大学化学系, 有机光电子与分子工程教育部重点实验室, 北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2011-11-23 出版日期:2012-09-10 发布日期:2012-08-14
  • 通讯作者: 袁金颖,女,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事高分子可控合成研究.E-mail:yuanjy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn E-mail:yuanjy@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51073090, 21174076, 20836004)和国家"九七三"计划项目(批准号: 2009CB930602)资助.

Synthesis and Function of Stimuli-responsive Polymer Systems

YAN Qiang, YUAN Jin-Ying   

  1. Key Lab of Organic Optoelectronic and Molecular Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Chemistry, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2011-11-23 Online:2012-09-10 Published:2012-08-14

摘要:

刺激响应聚合物是一类具有"智能"行为的大分子体系. 它可以接收外部环境的刺激信号, 如pH值、 光、 温度、 电压、 氧化还原剂和气体等, 使自身大分子结构或状态发生较大改变, 从而影响其物理化学性质, 进而体现出相应的功能. 大量的研究结果表明, 刺激响应聚合物在纳米材料科学、 生命科学及临床医学领域中有着广泛的应用前景. 本文主要介绍了我们课题组在基于不同刺激源的刺激响应性大分子体系研究方面的一些进展.

关键词: 刺激响应性, 聚合物, 智能行为, 大分子自组装, 功能组装体

Abstract:

Stimuli-responsive polymer is a class of macromolecular system with smart behavior. Their macromolecular structure and state can be great changed in response to external stimuli, such as pH value, light, thermal, voltage, redox and gas. Then their physicochemical properties will be influenced and the functiona-lities will be realized. Stimuli-responsive polymers have shown wide prospective applications in the fields of nanomaterials, life science, medical science and so on. This review introduces the recent progress of the authors’ group on the synthesis, self-assembly, functionality and applications of stimuli-responsive macromolecular systems.

Key words: Stimuli-responsive, Polymer, Smart behavior, Macromolecular self-assembly, Functional assembly

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