高等学校化学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1113-1120.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20170788

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卤化钙钛矿型纳米晶的光学性能及应用研究进展

嵇天浩1(), 田颜清2   

  1. 1. 北京工商大学理学院, 北京 100048
    2. 南方科技大学材料科学与工程系, 深圳 518055
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-04 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-05-21
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 21774054 )、 北京市农业环境检测站科技项目(批准号: 19000551347)和北京工商大学理工类优先项目资助.

Optical Properties and Applications of Halide-perovskite Nanocrystals

JI Tianhao1,*(), TIAN Yanqing2   

  1. 1. Science College, Beijing Technology and Business University, Beijing 100048, China
    2. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, South University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
  • Received:2017-12-04 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-05-21
  • Contact: JI Tianhao E-mail:jitianhao@th btbu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    † Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No. 21774054), the Funding of the Agricultural Environmental Monitoring Station of Beijing, China(No. 19000551347) and the Priority Project at Science College of Beijing Technology and Business Universtiy, China.

摘要:

本文重点论述了全无机卤化钙钛矿型(ABX3)纳米晶的光学性能及应用. 介绍了这类纳米晶的制备方法: 常压溶剂热法和离子交换法, 并进一步阐述其光学性能(主要包括光吸收性能和发光性能)及相关应用(主要包括发光二极管和太阳能电池及其在激光材料、 光电探测器和光催化剂领域的应用). 这类材料优异的光电性能使其在其它领域也具有潜在的应用价值.

关键词: 钙钛矿, 卤化物, 纳米晶, 光学性能, 光致发光

Abstract:

Halide perovskite-type ABX3 nanocrystals mainly including the optical properties and applications of all-inorganic ABX3 nanocrystals were reviewed. First of all, the two preparation methods of atmospheric pressure, solvent heating and ion-exchange process for all-inorganic nanocrystals are reported; then, the optical properties of their absorption and photoluminescence are elaborated in detail; finally, their applications in light emitting diode(LED) and solar cell are emphasically elucidated, and also involving in the fields of laser, photodetector and photocatalysis. In the recent future, the halide perovskite nanocrystals will also definitely exhibit other potential applications owing to the excellent optical and electrical properties.

Key words: Perovskite-phase, Halide, Nanocrystals, Optical property, Photoluminescence

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