高等学校化学学报 ›› 2014, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (6): 1323-1329.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20140219

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

氨基官能化聚乳酸电纺纤维的制备、 表征和应用

熊曦, 李强, 张绪成, 于建, 郭朝霞()   

  1. 清华大学化工系, 先进材料教育部重点实验室, 北京100084
  • 收稿日期:2014-03-17 出版日期:2014-06-10 发布日期:2014-04-29
  • 作者简介:联系人简介: 郭朝霞, 女, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事纳米复合材料和纳米纤维研究. E-mail:guozx@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51173093)资助

Preparation, Characterization and Application of Amine-functionalized Poly(lactic acid) Electrospun Fibers

XIONG Xi, LI Qiang, ZHANG Xucheng, YU Jian, GUO Zhaoxia*()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Materials, Ministry of Education, Department of Chemical Engineering,Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2014-03-17 Online:2014-06-10 Published:2014-04-29
  • Contact: GUO Zhaoxia E-mail:guozx@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    † Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.51173093)

摘要:

通过聚乳酸(PLA)和氨基丙基三乙氧基硅烷(KH550)混合进行静电纺丝制备氨基官能化聚乳酸纳米纤维. 采用滴定法测定了纤维表面氨基含量, 证明当KH550的添加量为3%~13%(质量分数)时, 有19%~26%的氨基出现在纤维的表面. 利用场发射扫描电子显微镜、 差示扫描量热(DSC)仪、 接触角测试仪和电子拉伸机对纤维形貌、 PLA的玻璃化转变温度和熔点以及纤维膜的亲水性和力学性能进行了表征. 结果表明, KH550的加入可以在电纺纤维表面引入氨基, 同时使纤维直径变细, 使PLA的玻璃化转变温度上升, 熔点下降, 电纺纤维膜的亲水性略有增加, 力学性能有所下降. 通过吸附将金纳米粒子负载到氨基官能化聚乳酸电纺纤维膜上, 得到负载型催化剂, 对硼氢化钠还原对硝基苯酚的反应具有良好的催化活性和重复使用性.

关键词: 聚乳酸, 静电纺丝, 氨基丙基三乙氧基硅烷, 氨基官能化, 催化活性, 纳米纤维

Abstract:

Amine-functionalized poly(lactic acid)(PLA) nanofibers were prepared by co-electrospinning of PLA and aminopropyltriethoxysilane(KH550) in 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropanol. The contents of amine groups on the surfaces of the fibers were measured by chemical titration. The results show 19%—26% of total amine groups appeared on the fiber surfaces when 3%—13% of KH550 to PLA is added. The amine-functionalized PLA nanofibers were also characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry(DSC), contact angle measurements and uniaxial tensile tests. It has been shown that the addition of KH550 can introduce amine groups on PLA fiber surfaces, meantime the fiber diameter decreases, Tg of PLA increases, Tm of PLA decreases, the hydrophilicity of the fiber mat slightly increases and its mechanical properties decreases. Au nanoparticles were adsorbed on the surface of amine-functionalized PLA nanofibers, which showed good catalytic activity and reusability for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol.

Key words: Poly(lactic acid), Electrospinning, Aminopropyltriethoxysilane(KH550), Amine-functionalization, Catalytic activity, Nanofiber

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