高等学校化学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (8): 1838-1845.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20170784

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

熔融-拉伸法制备亲水聚丙烯/聚乙烯醇缩丁醛中空纤维膜

罗大军1,2, 邵会菊1,2, 靳进波2, 谢高艺2, 崔振宇2, 于杰1,2(), 秦舒浩2()   

  1. 1. 贵州大学材料与冶金学院高分子工程系, 贵阳 550025
    2. 国家复合改性聚合物材料工程技术研究中心, 贵阳 550014
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-01 出版日期:2018-08-10 发布日期:2018-06-11
  • 作者简介:联系人简介: 于 杰, 男, 博士, 教授, 主要从事聚合物结构与性能研究. E-mail: yujiegz@126.com;秦舒浩, 男, 博士, 研究员, 主要从事聚合物结构与性能研究. E-mail: qinshgz@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    贵州省科学技术基金(批准号: 黔科合J字[2015]2078)、 贵州省科学技术重大专项(批准号: 黔科合重大专项字[2015]6005)、 贵州省科技计划项目(批准号: 黔科合支撑[2017]2808)和贵阳市白云区科技计划项目(批准号: 白科合同[2016]13)资助.

Preparation of Hydrophilic Polypropylene/Polyvinyl Butyral Hollow Fiber Membranes by Melt-spinning-stretching

LUO Dajun1,2, SHAO Huiju1,2, JIN Jinbo2, XIE Gaoyi2, CUI Zhenyu2, YU Jie1,2,*(), QIN Shuhao2,*()   

  1. 1. Department of Polymer Material and Engineering, College of Materials and Metallurgy,Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, China
    2. National Engineering Research Center for Compounding and Modification of Polymeric Materials, Guiyang 550014, China
  • Received:2017-12-01 Online:2018-08-10 Published:2018-06-11
  • Contact: YU Jie,QIN Shuhao E-mail:qinshgz@163.com;yujiegz@126.com

摘要:

以聚丙烯(PP)为基材, 聚乙烯醇缩丁醛(PVB)为亲水改性剂, 聚丙烯接枝马来酸酐(PP-g-MAH)为增容剂, 通过熔融-拉伸法(MS-S)制备亲水PP/PVB中空纤维膜. 采用差示扫描量热(DSC)和水接触角(WCA)测试考察了PVB添加量对PP/PVB共混物结晶行为及亲水性的影响; 采用广角X射线衍射(WAXD)和小角X射线散射(SAXS)研究了PP/PVB中空纤维热处理后片晶微观结构; 采用场发射扫描电镜(FESEM)观察了PP/PVB中空纤维膜内表面孔结构的变化, 测试了PP/PVB中空纤维膜的孔隙率及纯水通量. 研究结果表明, 随着PVB含量的增加, PP/PVB共混物的WCA从103°降低到76°, 表明PP/PVB共混物亲水性得到明显改善. 同时, PVB可以起到异相成核作用, 但由于MAH与PVB发生键合作用, 过量添加PVB会阻碍PP分子链段运动, 导致晶体结构不完善, 这与WAXD和SAXS分析结果相同. PP/PVB2.5(PVB质量分数为2.5%)中空纤维膜热处理后结晶度、 片晶取向度、 厚度及Shish-kebab结构完善度均高于纯PP样品. 对应膜孔隙率为66%, 纯水通量达到320 L/(m2·h), 比纯PP膜提高了76.8%.

关键词: 亲水改性, 中空纤维膜, 片晶, 水通量, 熔融-拉伸, 聚丙烯/聚乙烯醇缩丁醛

Abstract:

Polyvinyl butyral(PVB) as hydrophilic modification agent and polypropylene-g-maleic anhydride(PP-g-MAH) as a compatibilizer were blended with polypropylene(PP) in order to prepare hydrophilic PP/PVB hollow fiber membranes by melt-spinning and stretching(MS-S). The effect of PVB at different mass ratios on crystallization behavior and hydrophilicity of PP/PVB blends was investigated by differential scanning calorimeter(DSC) and water contact angle(WCA). The wide angle X-ray diffraction(WAXD) and small-angle X-ray scattering(SAXS) were used to analyze the effect of PVB at different mass ratios on the crystalline lamellar structure of PP/PVB hollow fiber after annealed. The pore dimensions and distribution of inner surface of PP/PVB hollow fiber membranes were measured using field emission scanning electron microscope(FESEM). In addition, the porosity and pure water flux of PP/PVB hollow fiber membranes were tested. The results showed that the hydrophilicity of PP /PVB blends was improved obviously because of WCA of PP/PVB blends reduced from 103° to 76° with the increase of PVB. At the same time, PVB accelerated the nucleation rate of PP because of PVB acted as heterogeneous nucleation effective. However, the maleic anhydride of PP-g-MAH was chemically bound to hydroxy of PVB, which also delayed the motion of molecular chain and leaded to imperfect crystal structure, especially excessive addition of PVB. The results confirmed WAXD and SAXS analysis. The crystallinity of PP/PVB2.5(2.5%PVB) hollow fiber was better than that of pure PP hollow fiber after annealed. The lamellar orientation, lamellar thickness, and structure of Shish-Kebab of PP/PVB2.5 hollow fiber were better than that of pure PP hollow fiber after annealed. The porosity of corresponding hollow fiber membrane was 66% and pure water flux was 320 L/(m2·h), which increased by 76.8% compared with that of the pure PP hollow fiber membrane.

Key words: Hydrophilic modification, Hollow fiber membrane, Lamellae, Water flux, Melt-spinning-stretching, Polypropylene/polyvinyl butyral(Ed.: W, Z)

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