高等学校化学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (8): 1573-1579.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20160208

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

超临界CO2诱导相转化法制备聚苯乙烯膜及膜体系的相图计算

刘学武1(), 陈淑花2(), 詹世平2   

  1. 1. 大连理工大学化工机械与安全学院, 大连 116023
    2. 大连大学环境与化学工程学院, 大连 116622
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-05 出版日期:2016-07-14 发布日期:2016-07-14
  • 作者简介:

    联系人简介: 刘学武, 男, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事超临界流体技术/气体分离净化研究. E-mail: liuxuewu@dlut.edu.cn.陈淑花, 女, 博士, 副教授, 主要从事超临界流体技术研究. E-mail: chensh1976@126.com

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 21106010, 21376035)资助

Experimental Study and Theoretical Phase Diagram Calculation for Polystyrene Membranes Prepared by Supercritical CO2-induced Phase Inversion

LIU Xuewu1,*(), CHEN Shuhua2,*(), ZHAN Shiping2   

  1. 1. School of Chemical Machinery and Safety Engineering, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116023, China
    2. School of Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Dalian University, Dalian 116622, China
  • Received:2016-04-05 Online:2016-07-14 Published:2016-07-14
  • Contact: LIU Xuewu,CHEN Shuhua E-mail:liuxuewu@dlut.edu.cn;chensh1976@126.com
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos.21106010, 21376035)

摘要:

以甲苯为溶剂, 利用超临界CO2诱导相转化法制备了多孔非对称聚苯乙烯膜. 通过扫描电镜对膜结构进行了表征, 探讨了不同温度、 压力和铸膜液中聚苯乙烯浓度对膜形态、 孔径分布及膜孔隙率的影响; 同时, 基于Tompa扩展的Flory-Huggins聚合物溶液理论计算了聚苯乙烯/超临界CO2/甲苯铸膜体系的三元相图. 研究表明, 在温度为35~65 ℃、 压力为8~16 MPa及聚合物质量分数为15%~35%条件下, 制备的聚苯乙烯膜截面呈胞腔状孔结构, 孔隙率为53.54%~84.67%, 且孔隙率随温度、 压力和聚苯乙烯浓度均呈现出先增大后减小的趋势. 相图计算结果表明, 温度对体系双节线位置的改变影响较小, 而压力对其影响相对较大.

关键词: 超临界CO2相转化, 聚苯乙烯, 微孔聚合物, 孔隙率, 三元相图

Abstract:

Microporous asymmetric polystyrene(PSt) membranes were prepared by supercritical CO2-induced phase inversion. The experiments were designed and conducted to investigate the effects of different process parameters, such as temperature, CO2 pressure and PSt concentration in casting solution, on the membrane morphologies, pore size distribution and especially on the porosity of the membranes. The ternary phase diagrams of polystyrene/supercritical CO2/toluene system were determined based on the extended Flory-Huggins theory of polymer solutions of Tompa. The prepared PSt membrane had a cellular structure. The porosity of the products was in the range of 53.54%—84.67%; and it showed a tendency of increasing to a peak and then decreasing with the increase of each parameter(temperature, pressure or PSt concentration). The theoretical phase diagrams indicated that pressure has more influence in changing the binodal curve location than that of temperature.

Key words: Supercritical CO2 phase inversion, Polystyrene, Microporous membrane, Porosity, Ternary phase diagram(Ed.: D, Z)

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