高等学校化学学报 ›› 2016, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (11): 2092-2100.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20160437

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

采用大分子单体稳定印迹牛血清白蛋白

钱立伟1(), 李季2, 宋文琦2, 胡小玲2, 管萍2   

  1. 1. 陕西科技大学轻工科学与工程学院, 西安 710021
    2. 西北工业大学理学院, 西安 710072
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-17 出版日期:2016-11-10 发布日期:2016-09-20
  • 作者简介:联系人简介: 钱立伟, 男, 博士, 讲师, 主要从事分子印迹技术研究. E-mail: qianliwei@mail.nwpu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 21174111)和国家自然科学基金重点项目(批准号: 51433008)资助

Utilizing Macromolecular Chain as Functional Monomer and Crosslinker to Imprint BSA with Preserving the Structural Integrity of Template

QIAN Liwei1,*(), LI Ji2, SONG Wenqi2, HU Xiaoling2, GUAN Ping2   

  1. 1. College of Bioresources Chemical and Materials Engineering,Shaanxi University of Science and Technology, Xi’an 710021, China
    2. School of Natural and Applied Science, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, China
  • Received:2016-06-17 Online:2016-11-10 Published:2016-09-20
  • Contact: QIAN Liwei E-mail:qianliwei@mail.nwpu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    † Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No;21174111) and the Key projects of National Natural Science Foundation of China(No;51433008)

摘要:

以牛血清白蛋白为模板蛋白质, 聚(丙烯酸羟乙酯-乙烯基咪唑-1-(烯丙基乙酯)-3-乙烯基咪唑氯)[P(HEA-co-VIM-co-[AVIM]Cl)]为大分子功能单体和交联剂, 通过氧化还原引发聚合法制备了蛋白质印迹水凝胶. 圆二色光谱和同步荧光光谱结果表明, P(HEA-co-VIM-co-[AVIM]Cl)能够较好地维持牛血清白蛋白结构稳定性, 而相同质量的HEA, VIM和氯化1-(烯丙基乙酯)-3-乙烯基咪唑([AVIM]Cl)的混合物对牛血清白蛋白的结构破坏严重. 选择性吸附和竞争吸附的结果表明, 用P(HEA-co-VIM-co-[AVIM]Cl)制备的印迹水凝胶比用HEA, VIM和[AVIM]Cl制备的印迹水凝胶具有更强的选择性和识别能力. 在制备过程中维持模板蛋白质结构的稳定性有利于得到具有高识别能力和选择性的印迹聚合物. 采用大分子单体印迹蛋白质的方法, 可以有效地克服蛋白质在印迹过程中的结构容易变性的缺点, 对蛋白质印迹技术的发展具有重要意义.

关键词: 分子印迹技术, 蛋白质印迹, 蛋白质结构稳定, 圆二色光谱, 同步荧光光谱

Abstract:

Protein imprinted hydrogels were prepared via redox initiated polymerization by utilizing bovine serum albumin(BSA) as a template and poly(hydroxyethylacrylate-vinylimidazole-[1-(allylacetate)-3-vinyl-imidazolium]chloride) [P(HEA-co-VIM-co-[AVIM]Cl)] as the macromolecularly functional monomer and crosslinker. The analytical results of circular dichroism and synchronous fluorescence spectrum demonstrated that P(HEA-co-VIM-co-[AVIM]Cl) could effectively maintain the structural stability of BSA, while the equivalent HEA, VIM and [AVIM]Cl denatured the template protein. The selective and competitive adsorption experiments showed that the imprinted hydrogels made by P(HEA-co-VIM-co-[AVIM]Cl) obtained better selectivity and recognition ability compared with those made by HEA, VIM and [AVIM]Cl. Therefore, the above results suggested the significant advantage of maintaining the structural and conformational stability of template protein during the preparation of imprinted polymers. The strategy of using macromolecule monomer to imprint protein could effectively overcome the difficulty of mutability of protein, therefore would promote the development and application of protein imprinting technology.

Key words: Molecularly imprinting technology, Protein imprinting, Stability of protein, Circular dichroism, Synchronous fluorescence spectrum

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