高等学校化学学报 ›› 2006, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (1): 178-181.

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

PAA/PU合金制备多孔PI薄膜及结构与性能研究

刘久贵,  姜立忠,  战佳宇,  武德珍,  金日光   

  1. 北京化工大学可控化学反应科学与技术基础教育部重点实验室, 北京 100029
  • 收稿日期:2004-12-31 出版日期:2006-01-10 发布日期:2006-01-10
  • 通讯作者: 武德珍(1963年出生), 女, 博士, 教授, 主要从事聚合物结构与性能之间的关系及高性能聚合物制备方法的研究. E-mail: wdz@mail.buct.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 50573007)资助.

Preparation,  Structure and Properties of Porous Polyimide Films via PAA/PU Alloy

 LIU Jiu-Gui, JIANG Li-Zhong, ZHAN Jia-Yu, WU De-Zhen, JIN Ri-Guang   

  1. Key Laboratory of Science and Technology of Controllable Chemical Reactions, Ministry of Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
  • Received:2004-12-31 Online:2006-01-10 Published:2006-01-10
  • Contact: WU De-Zhen,E-mail: wdz@mail.buct.edu.cn

摘要:

以N,N-二甲基乙酰胺(DMAc)为溶剂, 在聚氨酯(PU)溶液中使均苯四酸二酐(PMDA)与4,4′-二氨基二苯醚(4,4′-ODA)缩聚成聚酰亚胺(PI)预聚体聚酰胺酸(PAA), 从而制成PAA/PU的混合溶液, 然后刮涂成膜, 经过热处理使得PAA亚胺化和PU降解, 制备多孔PI薄膜. 通过对薄膜进行红外光谱,热失重分析及透射电镜(TEM)观察, 结果表明, 最佳的PU热降解温度为360 ℃, PU降解后在PI基体中留下长条状纳米孔, 且孔径大小随聚氨酯含量的增加而增大. 通过对薄膜进行力学性能、 介电性能和吸水率研究, 结果表明, 随着体系中PU用量的增加, 热处理后的多孔PI薄膜的介电常数逐渐下降, 但拉伸强度降低, 吸水率上升.

关键词: 聚酰亚胺; 聚氨酯; 多孔; 介电常数

Abstract:

A new route to porous polyimide films which leads to pore sizes in the nanometer regime was  developed. The polyimide foams were prepared from blending PAA and PU via in situ polymerization(the latter being the disperse phase) by the thermolysis of PU and imidization of PAA, so porous polyimide(PI) films were prepared. The results of  IR, TGA and TEM measurement shows that the optimal thermolysis temperature of PU is 360 ℃, upon a thermal treatment the PU undergoes thermal decomposition, leaving strip nanopores in PI matrix, and the size of pores increases with  increasing PU content. Because of the existence of nanopores, the dielectric constant of PI decreased by a wide margin and was less than 2.0 at PU mass fraction 20%, thus proving that this is an effective means to reduce the dielectric constant of PI, but it cause the decrease of tensile strength and the rise of water absorption.

Key words: Polyimide; Polyurethane; Porosity; Dielectric constant

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