高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (6): 1320-1328.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20200007

• 物理化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

水热反应条件对多孔球状Bi2WO6光催化剂结构及性能的影响

王蕊1,徐梅1,谢家文1,叶盛英1,宋贤良1,2,*()   

  1. 1. 华南农业大学食品学院, 广州 510642
    2. 岭南现代农业科学与技术广东省实验室, 广州 510642
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-07 出版日期:2020-06-10 发布日期:2020-03-19
  • 通讯作者: 宋贤良 E-mail:songxl2000@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    广东省自然科学基金(2019A1515011977);国家自然科学基金(31371855)

Effects of Hydrothermal Reaction Conditions on the Structure and Properties of Porous Spherical Bi2WO6 Photocatalyst

WANG Rui1,XU Mei1,XIE Jiawen1,YE Shengying1,SONG Xianliang1,2,*()   

  1. 1. College of Food Science, South China Agriculture University, Guangzhou 510642, China
    2. Lingnan Guangdong Laboratory of Modern Agriculture, Guangzhou 510642, China
  • Received:2020-01-07 Online:2020-06-10 Published:2020-03-19
  • Contact: Xianliang SONG E-mail:songxl2000@163.com
  • Supported by:
    † Natural Science Foundation of Guangdong Province, China(2019A1515011977);National Natural Science Foundation of China(31371855)

摘要:

采用水热法制备了Bi2WO6光催化剂, 考察了水热反应温度、 水热反应时间及前驱体溶液pH值等条件对其对乙烯可见光催化活性的影响, 并通过X射线衍射(XRD)、 扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、 紫外-可见漫反射光谱(UV-Vis DRS)和比表面积分析等对催化剂的晶相组成、 微观形貌和光学性质等进行表征. 结果表明, 在水热反应温度为120 ℃、 水热反应时间为12 h、 前驱体溶液pH=0.5条件下, Bi2WO6光催化剂经过各向异性生长以及自组装奥斯特瓦尔德成熟(Ostwald ripening)过程, 形成由二维纳米薄片自组装的多孔微球状结构, 有效增大了与乙烯气体的接触面积, 禁带宽度降至2.86 eV, 可见光响应范围拓宽, 表现出优异的光催化性能, 在可见光下240 min内对乙烯的降解率达到13.69%.

关键词: 多孔微球, 钨酸铋, 可见光催化, 乙烯降解

Abstract:

Bi2WO6 photocatalysts were prepared via hydrothermal method. The effects of hydrothermal reaction temperature, hydrothermal time and pH value of precursor solution on the catalytic activity of the catalysts for ethylene degradation under visible-light irradiation were investigated. The crystal composition, micro-morphology and optical properties were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction(XRD), scanning electron microscopy(SEM), UV-Visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy(UV-Vis DRS) and BET surface area analysis. The results show that at the conditions of 120 ℃, 12 h, pH=0.5, the Bi2WO6 photocatalyst undergoes anisotropic growth and Ostwald ripening process to form a porous microsphere structure self-assembled by two-dimensional nanosheets, which effectively increases the contact area with ethylene gas. The band gap width of the catalyst is reduced to 2.86 eV, and the visible light response range is widened. The degradation rate of ethylene reached 13.69% with in 240 min under visible light irradiation.

Key words: Porous microsphere, Bi2WO6, Visible-light photocatalysis, Ethylene degradation

中图分类号: