高等学校化学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (6): 1260-1266.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20170648

• 物理化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

聚乙烯吡咯烷酮对模拟混凝土孔隙液中钢筋的缓蚀效应

董士刚1, 高颖波2, 官自超2, 王海鹏2, 王霞2, 杜荣归2(), 宋光铃3   

  1. 1. 厦门大学能源学院, 厦门 361102
    2. 厦门大学化学化工学院化学系
    3. 厦门大学材料学院, 海洋材料腐蚀防护研究中心, 厦门 361005
  • 收稿日期:2017-09-26 出版日期:2018-06-10 发布日期:2018-05-24
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 21573182, 51671163, 21203158, 21621091, 21173177)资助.

Inhibition Effect of Polyvinylpyrrolidone on Corrosion of Reinforcing Steel in Simulated Concrete Pore Solutions

DONG Shigang1, GAO Yingbo2, GUAN Zichao2, WANG Haipeng2, WANG Xia2, DU Ronggui2,*(), SONG Guangling3   

  1. 1. College of Energy, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China
    2. Department of Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering
    3. Center for Marine Materials Corrosion and Protection, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
  • Received:2017-09-26 Online:2018-06-10 Published:2018-05-24
  • Contact: DU Ronggui E-mail:rgdu@xmu.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    † Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(Nos. 21573182, 51671163, 21203158, 21621091, 21173177).

摘要:

应用电化学阻抗谱和极化曲线测试技术, 结合扫描电子显微镜(SEM)、 X射线光电子能谱(XPS)和拉曼(Raman)光谱分析, 研究了表面活性剂聚乙烯吡咯烷酮(PVP) 作为缓蚀剂对钢筋的缓蚀效应和机理. 结果表明, PVP对pH值为11.0, 含0.5 mol/L NaCl的模拟混凝土孔隙液中的钢筋具有良好的缓蚀作用, 可有效抑制钢筋的腐蚀; PVP浓度变化对钢筋腐蚀行为有显著的影响, 当浓度为25 mg/L时, PVP对钢筋的缓蚀效率达到89.1%; PVP通过在钢筋表面形成吸附膜来抑制钢筋的腐蚀.

关键词: 表面活性剂, 缓蚀剂, 聚乙烯吡咯烷酮, 钢筋, 模拟混凝土孔隙液

Abstract:

Surfactant polyvinylpyrrolidone(PVP) was used as a potential corrosion inhibitor for reinforcing steel. The corrosion inhibition effect and mechanism of PVP for the reinforcing steel in the simulated polluted concrete pore solution at pH=11.0 with 0.5 mol/L NaCl were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and polarization curve measurements, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. The results indicated that the PVP concentration had an important effect on the corrosion behavior of the steel in the solution. The PVP with the optimum concentration could effectively inhibit the corrosion of the reinforcing steel. The inhibition efficiency of PVP reached 89.1% when its concentration was 25 mg/L. PVP formed an adsorption film on the surface of the reinforcing steel and protected the steel from corrosion.

Key words: Surfactant, Corrosion inhibitor, Polyvinylpyrrolidone, Reinforcing steel, Simulated concrete pore solution

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