高等学校化学学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (07): 1605-1612.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0251-0790.2012.07.043

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

一种新型聚酰亚胺-氨酯反渗透复合膜材料的合成及表征

刘立芬1,2, 徐德志2, 茅佩卿2, 张林1, 高从堦1,3   

  1. 1. 浙江大学化学工程与生物工程学系, 杭州 310027;
    2. 浙江工业大学绿色化学合成技术国家重点实验室培育基地, 杭州 310014;
    3. 杭州水处理技术研究开发中心有限公司, 杭州 310012
  • 收稿日期:2011-08-08 出版日期:2012-07-10 发布日期:2012-07-10
  • 通讯作者: 高从堦, 男, 研究员, 中国工程院院士, 主要从事膜分离技术研究. E-mail: gaocjie@mail.hz.zj.cn E-mail:lifenliu@hotmail.com
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 21006096)和国家"九七三"计划项目(批准号: 2009CB623402)资助.

Preparation and Characterization of a Novel Polyimide-urethane Reverse Osmosis Composite Membrane Material

LIU Li-Fen1,2, XU De-Zhi2, MAO Pei-Qing2, ZHANG Lin1, GAO Cong-Jie1,3   

  1. 1. Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Green Chemistry-Synthesis Technology, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou 310014, China;
    3. Development Center of Water Treatment Technology, Hangzhou 310012, China
  • Received:2011-08-08 Online:2012-07-10 Published:2012-07-10

摘要: 采用关键功能单体N,N'-二甲基间苯二胺(DMMPD)和多元酰氯5-氯甲酰氧基-异肽酰氯(CFIC)聚合制备了一种耐氧化的聚酰亚胺-氨酯(DMMPD-CFIC)反渗透复合膜材料. 研究了水相溶剂、 多元胺浓度和组成及两相接触时间等因素对DMMPD聚合成膜的影响. 结果表明, 虽然DMMPD-CFIC膜的脱盐率不够理想, 但将4-甲基间苯二胺(MMPD)与DMMPD以2∶1(质量比)组合后制得的MMPD/DMMPD-CFIC膜的脱盐率得到显著提高, 并且对膜的耐氯性能影响不大. 采用傅里叶衰减全反射红外光谱(FTIR)和X射线光电子能谱(XPS)分析了2种膜的活性层的结构, 并利用扫描电镜(SEM)和原子力显微镜(AFM)对膜的表面形态进行了表征.

关键词: 聚酰亚胺-氨酯, 反渗透复合膜, 表面形态, 分离性能, 耐氯性能

Abstract: The common aromatic polyamide composite reverse osmosis(RO) membrane is easy to be oxidated. N,N'-dimethyl-m-phenylenediamine(DMMPD) as a key functional monomer could be reacted with 5-choroformyloxyisophthaloyl chloride(CFIC) to prepare a chlorine resistance polyimide-urethane RO membrane material by interfacial polymerization technology. In this study, the membrane formation conditions such as solvent of aqueous phase, composition and concentration of amine in aqueous phase, and contact time of two phases were optimized. The results show that the NaCl rejection rate of DMMPD-CFIC membrane prepared from only DMMPD is not ideal, but the combination of DMMPD and 4-methyl-m-phenylenediamine(MMPD) at a mass ratio of 1∶2 to prepare the MMPD/DMMPD-CFIC membrane can obviously improve the NaCl rejection of the resulting membrane, and the chlorine resistance performance of membrane just has slight change. Furthermore, the surface chemical structure of membrane active layer was analyzed by combination of attenuated total reflectance infrared(ATR-FTIR) and X-ray photoelectronic spectroscopy(XPS), and the surface morphology of membrane was observed via scanning electronic microscopy(SEM) and atomic force microscope(AFM).

Key words: Polyimide-urethane, Reverse osmosis composite membrane, Surface morphology, Separation performance, Chlorine-resistance performance

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