高等学校化学学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (7): 1559-1566.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20200032

• 有机化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

微通道连续流动高效绿色合成亮丙瑞林

李士杰,杨洋,崔营营,苏贤斌()   

  1. 南京工业大学化工学院, 南京 210009
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-14 出版日期:2020-07-10 发布日期:2020-05-09
  • 通讯作者: 苏贤斌 E-mail:davidsu@njtech.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    材料化学工程国家重点实验室探索课题(ZK201311)

High Efficient and Green Approach to the Synthesis of Leuprolide in Continuous-flow Microreactor

LI Shijie,YANG Yang,CUI Yingying,SU Xianbin()   

  1. College of Chemical Engineering, Nanjing Tech University, Nanjing 210009, China
  • Received:2020-01-14 Online:2020-07-10 Published:2020-05-09
  • Contact: SU Xianbin E-mail:davidsu@njtech.edu.cn
  • Supported by:
    State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering of China(ZK201311)

摘要:

开发了一种高效绿色的连续流动多肽合成方法, 并成功应用于一种含有9个氨基酸的促性腺激素释放激素类似物(亮丙瑞林)的合成. 该方法采用苄氧羰基(Cbz)保护氨基酸, 在微通道反应器中实现高效偶联与水洗萃取除杂, 并通过钯碳催化剂填充柱氢解反应实现快速洁净地脱除Cbz保护基, 使原料和溶剂的消耗量大大减少, 原子经济性大幅提高. 该高效绿色合成方法将在多肽制药工业中得到更多应用.

关键词: 微通道反应器, 亮丙瑞林, 连续流动, 液相合成

Abstract:

A high efficient and green approach was repored for the synthesis of leuprorelin which is a nonapeptide analogue of gonadotrophin releasing hormone(GnRH) used to treat a wide range of sex hormone-related disorders-based on a continuous-flow system. Benzyloxycarbonyl(Cbz)-protected amino acids were used in this approach and coupling reaction was carried out in micro-channel reactors efficiently followed by extraction to remove impurities. A rapid and clean deprotection of Cbz then successfully achieved through hydrogenolysis via a column packed with Pd/C catalyst. This approach enabled the stiochiometric amidation of peptide chain elongation and catalytic deprotection hence the consumption of raw materials were dramatically reduced. This new strategy will find more application in peptide manufacturing.

Key words: Microchannel reactor, Leuprorelin, Continuous-flow, Liquid phase synthesis

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