高等学校化学学报 ›› 1982, Vol. 3 ›› Issue (2): 149-154.

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

杂环胺双齿配体萃取稀土元素

杨罗清, 倪兆艾   

  1. 杭州大学化学系
  • 收稿日期:1981-01-23 出版日期:1982-04-24 发布日期:1982-04-24

THE SOLVENT EXTRACTION OF THE RARE EARTH ELEMENTS WITH THE BIDENTATE HETEROCYCLIC AMINE LIGANDS

Yang Luoqing, Ni Zhaoai   

  1. Department of Chemistry, Hangzhou University, Hangzhou
  • Received:1981-01-23 Online:1982-04-24 Published:1982-04-24

摘要: 对一系列杂环双齿配体——4,7-二苯邻菲绕啉、5-硝基邻菲绕啉、2,9-二甲基邻菲绕啉、2,9-二甲基-4,7-二苯邻菲绕啉和α,α'-联喹啉(以下均用L表示)与CCl3COO-和15种正三价稀土离子形成的三元络合物在水-氯仿间的革取行为进行了研究。发现在这些体系中,都存在明显的“四分组效应”,且稀土的萃取率随介质pH而变化。井讨论了L的分子量及结构对稀土萃取的影响。

Abstract: The solvent extraction behaviour of the 15 rare earth elements (III)in the form of ternary complexes with varities of the bidentate heterocyclic amine ligands L (where L = 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, 5-NO-1, 10-phenanthreline, 2,9-dimethyl-l, 10-phenanthroline; 2,9-dimethyl-4, 7-diphenyl-l, 10-phenanthroline and 2,2-bichinoline, respectively) and anion A (where A = trichloreacetate anion, CCl3COO-) as extractants has been investigated in the system of chloroform-water. In all the systems, the 'tetrad effect' hasbeen observed apparently during the extractions. As pHvalues in the media vary, the extraction effectiveness of the RE (III) will change. The chemical composition of the extracted compounds has been determined as RE(CCl3COO)2 A·2DPP (where A=Cl- or CH3COO-, DPP = 4,7-diphenyl-l, 10-phenanthroline in the system of RE3+ /HCl-H2O/ CCl3COO--DPP/CHCl3, buffering by CH3COOH-CH3COONa.) The effects of molecular weights and structures of Lon extraction have been found as follows:The extraction effectiveness of RE (III) is raised with the increasing of molecular weights of ligands L, and reduced with the introduction of the -NO2 group attracting electrons into L's molecules. The steric hindrance of the ligands Lwill greatly inhibit the extraction of the RE (III). The determination of the distribution ratios Dof RE (III) between chloroform and water phases is carried out by means of spectrophotometric method, the reagent arsenazo-Ibeing used as an indicator. The results have been tested by radiometric analysis, the isotopes147Ce,152,154Eu and 170Tm being empl, yed, if necessary.