高等学校化学学报 ›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (5): 1084-1090.doi: 10.7503/cjcu20160675

• 高分子化学 • 上一篇    下一篇

生物基不饱和聚酯树脂胶液及其棉织物增强复合材料的制备与性能

杨泽文, 张艳艳, 付飞亚, 刘向东   

  1. 浙江理工大学材料与纺织学院, 教育部先进纺织材料与制造技术重点实验室, 杭州 310018
  • 收稿日期:2017-10-12 出版日期:2018-03-12 发布日期:2018-03-12
  • 作者简介:

    联系人简介: 刘向东, 男, 博士, 教授, 博士生导师, 主要从事生物基高分子材料及复合材料研究. E-mail: liuxd@zstu.edu.cn

  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 51573167)资助.

Preparation and Properties of a Bio-based Unsaturated Polyester Resin Glue and Its Cotton Fabric-reinforced Composite

YANG Zewen, ZHANG Yanyan, FU Feiya, LIU Xiangdong*   

  1. Key Laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Materials and Textile, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China
  • Received:2017-10-12 Online:2018-03-12 Published:2018-03-12
  • Contact: LIU Xiangdong
  • Supported by:
    Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.51573167).

摘要:

乙二醇、 草酸与马来酸酐通过熔融缩聚制备了一种新型生物基不饱和聚酯(UPOEM). 以丙烯酸环氧大豆油(AESO)与甲基丙烯酸缩水甘油酯(GMA)的共混溶剂作为UPOEM的活性稀释剂, 得到一系列黏度小、 生物基含量较高、 储存稳定、 可与增强棉布浸润良好的生物基不饱和聚酯树脂胶液. 黏度测试表明, GMA可明显降低AESO/UPOEM混合胶液的黏度, 当GMA, AESO和UPOEM以质量比100∶100∶300共混时, 得到的黄色透明树脂胶液的黏度小于780 mPa·s, 仅为原AESO和UPOEM共混胶液黏度的5.4%, 并且可室温储存一个月以上仍保持均匀透明且黏度稳定. 该胶液与增强棉布复合所得绿色复合材料的拉伸断裂强度接近30 MPa, 玻璃化转变温度(Tg)可达90 ℃, 热分解温度(Td,5%)在248 ℃以上, 具有潜在应用价值.

关键词: 生物基不饱和聚酯, 丙烯酸环氧大豆油, 甲基丙烯酸缩水甘油酯, 活性稀释剂, 绿色复合材料

Abstract:

A novel blending solvent, the mixture of acrylated epoxidized soybean oil(AESO) and glycidyl methacrylate(GMA), was proposed to prepare bio-based unsaturated polyester systems. The bio-based unsaturated polyester(UPOEM) was synthesized by ethylene glycol, oxalic acid and maleic anhydride via a melt polycondensation. By dilution using the blending solvent of AESO/GMA, the resulting unsaturated polyester resin glues have low viscosity, high bio-based content, good storage stability, and improved wettability with reinforcing fibers. Experimental data show that GMA can effectively reduce the viscosity of the AESO/UPOEM systems. When GMA, AESO and UPOEM are blended in a mass ratio of 100∶ 100∶ 300, the viscosity is decreased to 780 mPa·s, only 5.4% of the original. The GMA/AESO/UPOEM mixture keeps yellow and transparent, and the viscosity is constant at room temperature for more than 30 d. Furthermore, green composites were prepared by compositing the unsaturated polyester systems with cotton fabrics via a free radical polymerization performed at 100 ℃ for 2 h and 150 ℃ for 3 h, under a pressure of 15 MPa in a hot pressing machine, and using a mixture of tert-butyl peroxybenzoate and isophorondiamine as initiator. The tensile and thermo-mechanical properties of the resulting green composites were examined by universal testing machine, dynamic mechanical analysis(DMA) and thermogravimetric analysis(TGA), respectively. The results show that the composites have good tensile strength close to 30 MPa, and their glass transition temperature(Tg) and thermal decomposition temperature(Td,5%) are greater than 90 ℃ and 248 ℃, respectively. These results suggest that the bio-based unsaturated polyester systems have a great potential for various applications.

Key words: Bio-based unsaturated polyester, Acrylated epoxidized soybean oil, Glycidyl methacrylate, Reactive diluent, Green composite

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